Systems

The international ambitions of the Graduate Research School are based on 3 complementary systems.

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The cotutelle doctoral program

The candidate receives two qualifications, one from the University of Bordeaux and one from the partner university.

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The international co-supervision

The doctoral student is enrolled in a single institution with two thesis directors, one from the University of Bordeaux and the other from a foreign university. They share the scientific supervision of the doctoral student's research work.

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The European doctorate label

The European doctorate label certifies students’ educational level and facilitates the recognition of study levels within Europe.