Systems

The international ambitions of the Graduate Research School are based on 3 complementary systems.

The cotutelle doctoral program (double degree)

The doctoral student is enrolled in two partner institutions, the University of Bordeaux and a foreign one, in order to obtain two qualifications.

The international co-supervision

The doctoral student is enrolled in a single institution with two thesis supervisors, one from the University of Bordeaux and the other from a foreign university.

The European doctorate label

The European doctorate label certifies students’ educational level and facilitates the recognition of study levels within Europe.